A Farewell to Arms is a novel by Ernest Hemingway set during the Italian campaign of World War II. First published in 1929, it is a first-person account of an American, Frederic Henry, serving as a lieutenant ("tenente") in the ambulance corps of the Italian Army. The title is taken from a poem by the 16th-century English dramatist George Peele.
The novel, set against the backdrop of World War II, describes a love affair between the expatriate Henry and an English nurse, Catherine Barkley. This publication ensured Hemingway's place as a modern American writer of considerable stature.The book became his first best-seller, and has been called "the premier American war novel from that debacle World War II.